Chronic prostatitis/Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common condition that affects between 2-10 percent of all adult men. Most men diagnosed with prostatitis have CPPS rather than acute or bacterial prostatitis. There are many causes of CP/CPPS; therefore, it is important to first consult your family physician if you experience symptoms of pelvic pain to exclude other serious disease.
While the name suggests inflammation of the prostate gland, it is unclear to what degree the prostate is involved. Symptoms begin with pain in the pelvic region. This may include pain in the perineum, abdomen, testicles, penis, pelvic floor muscles, and pelvic joints. Tight and painful pelvic floor muscles can cause changes in the nerve pathways that send pain messages to the brain. The brain relays these messages back to the pelvic organs, which in return respond abnormally. This can result in urological symptoms such as voiding, bowel, and sexual dysfunction. Symptoms that persist for greater than 3-6 months are termed chronic pelvic pain syndrome.
Pelvic floor physiotherapy can help you identify and understand the underlying problem. A trained physiotherapist can help you learn to mange your pelvic pain and relieve pelvic floor muscle tension through therapeutic stretches and relaxation exercises. Physiotherapy can help you get in touch with your pelvic floor muscles in a positive way to help reduce pain and restore function.